Category Archives: Textual Criticism

eusebius on the canon of the Bible

Eusebius (260-340AD) is one of the oldest sources listing out books considered as accepted as the New Testament. There is a mysterious fragment (Muratorian fragment), which also lists out books (notably not listing James, 1 Peter, and 2 Peter). But … Continue reading

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the epistle of barnabas

The Epistle of Barnabas (not to be confused with the Gospel of Barnabas) was an early 1st century (80-120 A.D.) Christian document which was widely attributed to the apostle Barnabas. The Epistle of Barnabas was written to Gentile Christians and … Continue reading

Posted in Bible, Church History, God, History, Textual Criticism, Theology | 1 Comment

divorce for abandonment

The question was presented to me on the nature of Biblical divorce. Are there any circumstances (such as spousal abandonment) which would warrant a divorce? The answer is twofold: 1. Abandonment is divorce. There is no “divorce for abandonment”. They … Continue reading

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john cassian on literalism

John Cassian actually provides an interesting example of a “literal” reading of the Bible that is taken to absurd extent. Apparently there were some monks who misinterpreted Jesus’ command to “take up your cross”: whosoever takes not up his cross … Continue reading

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john cassian on anthropomorphism

The Calvinist modus operandi is to start with a priory (preconceived ideas) on the attributes of God and then interpret the text of the Bible in light of those concepts. Augustine actually admits to this in his Confessions (chapter 12). … Continue reading

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foreknown – proginosko

Rom 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. In Romans 8, Calvinists like to point to the word “foreknow” … Continue reading

Posted in Bible, Calvinism, God, Omniscience, Open Theism, Textual Criticism, Theology | 1 Comment

repentance in the Bible

Repentance is a very versatile word. It can be used in various contexts to express various meanings. Christians often fall for the mistake of trying to force only a single meaning onto this one word. Some people say repentance always … Continue reading

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and God said

The Bible is filled with instances that present themselves as direct quotes from God. For example: Gen 6:7 “and the Lord said”. There are four possibilities of what this phrase could mean: 1. This is a direct quote from God. … Continue reading

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I AM is the relational name of God

By Craig Fisher It is well to have specifically holy places, and things, and days, for, without these focal points or reminders, the belief that all is holy and “big with God” will soon dwindle into a mere sentiment. But … Continue reading

Posted in Bible, Craig Fisher, God, Open Theism, Textual Criticism, Theology | 1 Comment

the ending of the gospel of mark

In an article entitled The “Strange” Ending of the Gospel of Mark, the author claims that Mark 16:9-19 is clearly forged: Even though this ending is patently false, people loved it and to this day conservative Christians regularly denounce “liberal” … Continue reading

Posted in Bible, Bible Critics, Church History, Ehrman, History, People, Textual Criticism | 2 Comments